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Standalone miniature Monopole or Dipole antenna. How to know what is what?

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guliveron

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Hello!
Maybe you could help. How to distinguish what is monopole and what is dipole antenna in case of miniature standalone examples like:
antenna.PNG

Ok, the part closer to the wire seems to be a ground. But why it is so small? Is it some kind of DGS structure?

Thanks.
 

streamlet

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No detail of the feeding part can be seen on the picture. My best guess is that the left long trace works like a monopole, while the right short conductor serves as the ground. This guess is made due to the apparent asymmetric structure.
 

andre_teprom

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Based on the point where entry cable is supposed connected, seems more as a asymetric dipole type with a reflector, however such categorization I believe that properly doesn´t matter, due this geometry results from a irradiation pattern matching for several carriers, becoming a complex structure.
 

vfone

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It is a kind of asymmetric dipole with folded arms.
I think not even the designer of this antenna doesn't know exactly what it is. He just cut and paste in the simulator to get the best performances in specified bands.
The net, the antenna books, and the RF magazines, are full of examples of crazy shapes of printed antennas that takes a lot of time to understand what they are.
Of course, all of them have patent granted or pending.
 

guliveron

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Ok, it is an asymmetric dipole antenna. But then How it is possible to connect it to wireless modules with unbalanced inputs? Like here: modpic.PNG
I thought that it is possible for monopole antennas. Or an antenna has a balun structure somewhere?
 

FvM

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The problem is that the feed cable becomes part of the antenna, it's length and route influences the antenna impedance and directional characteristic.

To characterize the antenna on it's own, you can shove several ferrite tubes up the cable until the antenna entry point. On the other hand, the antenna will be rarely used without a transmitter board, so it makes possibly more sense to measure th eantenna characteric with the transmitter board in place.
 

guliveron

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Thank you!

So that's why it's possible to connect such kind of dipole antenna as well?


Then the grounded part of antenna and the cable will also participate in radiation if it is conntected to an unbalanced input like here?

And therefore characteristics of the antenna will be damaged.

Please correct me if i'm not right.
 

FvM

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And therefore characteristics of the antenna will be damaged.
Yes, more or less. A ferrite bead/tube or a λ/4 "bazooka" band stop can help.
 

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