# Failure rate for FET at 125degC junction temperature

1. ## Failure rate for FET at 125degC junction temperature

Hello,
We are using the IPP90R1K2C3 FET in our offline SMPS.
Its junction temperature is 105 degC.

We wish to know how long it will last.

Infineon sent us the equations which we need to use to calculate the probable number of failures that will occur over a given amount of time.
This document is attached.

Do you know what we should put in the equation for the “confidence level, PA”.
Presumably the equation supplied doesn’t tell us what failure rate we’ll get, but just gives us parameters which we then insert in to the chi^2 distribution?

IPP90R1K2C3 FET
https://www.infineon.com/dgdl/Infine...23a89fe8085c04

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All we want is a figure of how many failures we’ll get over an inserted period of time for a quantity of n FETs under investigation.
Am I right in saying that a full knowledge of the chi^2 distribution is going to be needed here, and a dusting off of the old probability books is going to be required? I remember doing the “normal” distribution, but its all many years ago now.

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2. ## Re: Failure rate for FET at 125degC junction temperature

You can't connect -a- transistor's service life to a
-population's- statistics directly. You can only get
a "confidence interval" (range in which the failure
will probably fall, the confidence level widens that
the more confidence you demand). Without peering
into the HTOL qual statistics (and hopefully this
includes ongoing product surveillance, not just the
first two lots out the pipe and believe nothing ever
changes subsequently) you won't know how much
wearout life varies lot-lot, quarter to quarter. And
it must - how much, is the question.

You also would not want to advertise the 125C life
without couching it in terms of a worst case, and
might like to also put out a "use model based" life
(how many systems truly spend their entire service
life at max rated temp? Usually there are swings in
ambient temp and power dissipation, and you need
a sophisticated analysis to get within a factor of 10
if your temp swing is 30C (/2 per 10C is a rule of
thumb, but who knows where that thumb has been?).

If you were a significant customer, putting this to the
vendor's applications engineering org with a request
for a reliability assessment of you r use case, might
get some attention. But not if you are trying to buy
cheapo commercial and apply outside the datasheet
limits, instead of paying the industrial or automotive

I tend to see 90% or 95% in HiRel applications, but
that's for stuff that sees 100% burnin and lot level
HTOL sample qual. If you're buying floor sweepings
by the sackful, might want a 110% confidence. Heh.

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3. ## Re: Failure rate for FET at 125degC junction temperature

“confidence level, PA” is a number you choose, do you want 0.99 i.e. 99% confidence - or is some lower level acceptable ...

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4. ## Re: Failure rate for FET at 125degC junction temperature

A long time ago, I did reliability analysis using military handbook 217, better known as MIL-HDBK-217, and the
handbook developed by Bellcore (when AT&T was broken up into 5? 7? regional phoe companies, AT&T kept Bell Labs and the
court created Bell Communications Research, or Bellcore) because of dissatisfaction with 217.

Definitions of MTBF, MTTR, MTTF:
https://limblecmms.com/blog/mttr-mtb...ilure-metrics/

This website has a lot of information, but they also seem to want to sell you something.
https://www.reliasoft.com/resources/...ronic-products