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I think, it's a mechanical problem, cause turbines in power engines, can not rotate too high. speed So people decide some time ago (I think more than 100 years ago) to use 60Hz in some countries, and 50hz in other countries. Nowadays, it's become an universal frequency in all power lines.
Its always a tradeoff between a few parameters. One problem rises with frequency, the other decreases. You have to select a tradeoff point. The fact that people in different locations chose close freqs of 50 and 60 hz proove that this is the right frequency range. if we were to choose it again, we would still choose the same range
magnetra wrote: The above discussions above have been mere speculations only.
The choice of freq seems merely historical.
magnetra Certainly it will not be historical......
high frequency means skin effect....and may be cost more for this..
less frequency means will get blinking effect on our light bulbs......
mquestion is why not 55Hz why not 53Hz why always to either 50Hz or 60 Hz?
I don't believe 100Hz suffers from skin effect neither 200Hz.
The problem is that, a diesel engine driving a generator at 1500rpm produces 50Hz, so for 100Hz 3000rpm are needed and for 200Hz, 6000rpm.
That means, lower efficiency of engine and more wear of all parts. So at the time a decision was to be taken, the 50Hz was a good compromise.
Somebody here told that why cant 53 or 55 Hz..Bcoz..
1.we always try to design the generator for even no of poles ..
2. Turbines cant rotate at high speed due to centrifugal action..
3. Skin effect dominates at hig frquencies..
4. Lumped analysis cant be done at hifh frequencies..
5. Bulbs flickering would b high at low freq.s
All these constraints can be satisfied only for 50-60Hz freq. rannge....
But the adv of using high freq. are device size reduces..
For light, the human eye is able to see a picture with a frequency of 60Hz. That´s the strobo or strobe (not sure) effect. Some times you can see a moving well as it was stoped, that´s a consequence of this effect. Because of this, when you have a 50-60 Hz oscilattion on the light source (actually 100-120 Hz + and - cycle), you don´t notice this.
@ penrico, @ maharshi_qis: Your explanaitions is noncense. Why?. Did you ever hear about machine transmitters ?. No ?. Start reading it and you will never tell this story again.
The real reason ?. 50 Hz ?. Transformers are acceptable small, since a lower frequency will increase the core size. The higher is difficult if you power lines are long I mean 100Km etc... your losses will go up very quickly. That is why they sometimes use DC instead of AC for very very long powerlines in Europe and Russia, do not know about USA though.