Welcome to EDAboard.com

Welcome to our site! EDAboard.com is an international Electronic Discussion Forum focused on EDA software, circuits, schematics, books, theory, papers, asic, pld, 8051, DSP, Network, RF, Analog Design, PCB, Service Manuals... and a whole lot more! To participate you need to register. Registration is free. Click here to register now.

Register Log in

The explanation of offset voltage concept

Status
Not open for further replies.

suraj

Junior Member level 1
Joined
Jul 20, 2004
Messages
17
Helped
0
Reputation
0
Reaction score
0
Trophy points
1,281
Activity points
184
Regarding Offset Volatge

Hello Friends,

If you we reduce the (VGS- VTH), then input offset referred offset voltage decreases but at the same time current mismatch increases. Can you please explain me this concept.

Suraj
 

sunking

Advanced Member level 3
Joined
May 25, 2004
Messages
874
Helped
70
Reputation
140
Reaction score
23
Trophy points
1,298
Activity points
6,283
Re: Regarding Offset Volatge

please give more information,such as pic.
 

suraj

Junior Member level 1
Joined
Jul 20, 2004
Messages
17
Helped
0
Reputation
0
Reaction score
0
Trophy points
1,281
Activity points
184
Re: Regarding Offset Volatge

Sir I don't have pictures.

This is related to the Differential amplifer given in Dr. Raazvi's book P 468- 470. In which input refeered offset volatge decreases with the decrease in (VGS- VTH), but current mismatch increases.

Suraj
 

sutapanaki

Advanced Member level 4
Joined
Nov 2, 2001
Messages
1,034
Helped
395
Reputation
788
Reaction score
346
Trophy points
1,363
Location
US
Activity points
8,829
Re: Regarding Offset Volatge

There are two view points for the gm of matched transistors and how it affects offset and current matching.
gm increases as you reduce Vgs-Vt i.e the overdrive voltage.
If you have an offset in a diff amplifier, you'd want to apply a compensating differential voltage at the input in order do remove the offset. This is in fact the input referred offset of the amplifier. The smaller it is, the better. That means that we want to have an amplifier that is quite sensitive, so a small input voltage is enough to compensate for a given offset at the output. In general vout=gm*ro*vin.
ro is not very much under our control, but gm is. Increasing gm makes the amplifier more sensitive and hence a smaller input referred offset results. And this means we need the diff. pair transistors to have small overdrive voltage.
In matching currents in a current mirror we want exactly the oposite thing - if two transistors who are supposed to be perfectly matched are in fact not, then this will result in mismatch in the output current of the mirror. That is, if there is a threshold voltage difference between the two transistors, the current error will be of the order of gm*(deltaVth) and of course we need to reduce gm to have small error i.e. we want a mirror that is not very sensitive as oposed to what we wanted for differential amplifiers. As a result, the overdrive voltage of the mirror transistors needs to be big.
 

Edward_2288

Member level 4
Joined
Mar 7, 2004
Messages
71
Helped
3
Reputation
6
Reaction score
3
Trophy points
1,288
Activity points
725
Re: Regarding Offset Volatge

Hi..

it is obvious from the equation derived by the author. it can be seen that the offset is inversely proportional to the gate overdrive voltage of the differential pairs.
 

Status
Not open for further replies.
Toggle Sidebar

Part and Inventory Search


Welcome to EDABoard.com

Sponsor

Sponsor

Design Fast


×
Top