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Overview of PCB Industry

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May 18, 2022
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Xixiang town, Baoan District, Shenzhen ,China.
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As a basic electronic component, Printed Circuit Board (PCB) is widely used in various electronic and related products. Before the advent of PCB, the electronic components in the circuit were all directly connected by wires. This method is simple and intuitive, but the increase in the number of electronic components makes the direct connection complexity and manufacturing cost increase rapidly. In fact, more than a certain number of electronic components are directly connected to each other. can not achieve. By adding metal materials as wires on the insulating substrate, PCB greatly reduces the difficulty and production cost of complex circuits. Therefore, after the emergence of PCB, it quickly occupies a dominant position in the interconnection of electronic components.


The PCB industry in a broad sense includes the whole process from circuit design, manufacturing inspection to component assembly, while the PCB industry in a narrow sense refers specifically to the manufacturing and inspection process. The manufacturing quality of PCB directly affects the function and reliability of the final electronic product, so PCB is a basic and important sub-industry in the electronic information industry.

A complete PCB board is usually composed of lines and graphics, dielectric layers, vias, solder resist inks, silk screen printing, surface treatment layers, etc. Different components play different roles.

Thanks to the strong pull of new downstream fields such as digital currency, the PCB industry ended its two-year decline in 2017. The global PCB market increased by 8.6% year-on-year, reaching US$58.8 billion. It is expected that the PCB market will reach US$68.8 billion in 2022. , and the CAAGR will be 3.2% from 2017 to 2022.

In terms of product structure, although the market share of multi-layer boards has dropped from 53.4% in 2000 to 38.1% in 2016, it is still the market segment with the largest output value; the proportion of HDI boards has increased the fastest, from 2000 5% rose to 14% in 2016.

Since 2000, China's PCB industry has always maintained a high growth rate, and the proportion of output value in the world has continued to increase. In 2006, the overall output value surpassed Japan to become the world's first. In 2017, the output value of my country's PCB industry reached 29.73 billion US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 9.6%. It is expected that China's PCB market will still maintain a growth rate of more than 3% in the next few years.

China's PCB product structure is gradually being optimized, among which the sales of traditional single/double-sided and multi-layer boards are gradually decreasing, and the sales of high-tech, high-value-added HDI boards, packaging substrates, flexible boards and other products account for The ratio keeps increasing.
According to Prismark data, in 2016, the market share of domestic rigid boards and composite boards was 13.0% and 3.7% respectively, while the market share of 4-layer boards, 6-layer boards and 8-16-layer boards was 19%. .1%, 13.5% and 10.4%, and the sales of IC carrier boards and high-rise boards with 18 layers and above accounted for a relatively small proportion, only 2.7% and 1.2% respectively. The market share of HDI board and flexible board is 16.5% and 17.1% respectively.

Over the past few decades, the global PCB landscape has experienced several significant industry center shifts. In the 1980s, the United States dominated the global PCB market, and its PCB output value accounted for 30%-40% of the global total. After entering the 1990s, Japanese companies broke through the new PCB technology and gained a leading edge. At the same time, driven by the rapid growth of demand in Japan's domestic electronics industry, Japan's PCB output value has grown rapidly, surpassing the United States to become a new manufacturing center.

Since 2001, Western countries and Japan have been under the pressure of environmental protection policies and cost growth, their PCB output value has been shrinking, Taiwan's PCB market has begun to rise rapidly, and a number of global giants such as Jianding, Xinxing and Zhending have emerged, opening Taiwan. PCB golden age.

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Due to the low labor cost, huge domestic demand market and complete industrial supporting resources in mainland China, China's PCB market has risen almost together with Taiwan. By 2005, the output value of mainland China surpassed that of Japan and became the world's largest PCB production base for the first time. From 2010 to 2011, the PCB output value of the United States, Europe and Japan declined significantly, and the proportion of the global PCB output value also dropped rapidly. During this period, the output value of mainland China and Taiwan continued to increase.
Since 2011, in addition to the continued decline in the output value of the United States, Europe and Japan, the output value of Taiwan has also declined. So far, the PCB output value of major countries/regions in the world has shifted to mainland China.

Due to the wide range of downstream applications, the PCB industry is less affected by a single downstream industry. The global PCB industry mainly changes with macroeconomic fluctuations and the overall development of the electronic information industry.
From a longer period of time, the global PCB industry shows a fluctuating upward trend, and the growth rate, market structure and main driving factors of each rising stage are different.

At present, the main downstream industries of PCB include communications, computers, consumer electronics, semiconductors, automobiles, industry, medical, aerospace, etc. From the perspective of PCB application ratio in 2017, the market share of communications and computers exceeds 20%; consumer electronics, semiconductors , followed by automobiles, accounting for 9-14%; industrial, medical, aerospace and other market shares are smaller, in the range of 2%-5%. Changes in demand in the above industries directly affect the growth rate of the PCB industry.

#China PCB#
#PCB Industry#
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