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ftoa() implementation

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Stark

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ftoa in c

Hi all,I need a C implentation of standard ftoa() function.
Thanks
 

ftoa c

ftoa ??

It is not a standard function. If I understand you correctly here is how to do it:

float data;
char bur[100];

sprint(buf,"%f", data);

Tom
 

c ftoa

Hi



#include <stdlib.h>

typedef union {
long L;
float F;
} LF_t;

char *ftoa(float f, int *status)
{
long mantissa, int_part, frac_part;
short exp2;
LF_t x;
char *p;
static char outbuf[15];

*status = 0;
if (f == 0.0)
{
outbuf[0] = '0';
outbuf[1] = '.';
outbuf[2] = '0';
outbuf[3] = 0;
return outbuf;
}
x.F = f;

exp2 = (unsigned char)(x.L >> 23) - 127;
mantissa = (x.L & 0xFFFFFF) | 0x800000;
frac_part = 0;
int_part = 0;

if (exp2 >= 31)
{
*status = _FTOA_TOO_LARGE;
return 0;
}
else if (exp2 < -23)
{
*status = _FTOA_TOO_SMALL;
return 0;
}
else if (exp2 >= 23)
int_part = mantissa << (exp2 - 23);
else if (exp2 >= 0)
{
int_part = mantissa >> (23 - exp2);
frac_part = (mantissa << (exp2 + 1)) & 0xFFFFFF;
}
else /* if (exp2 < 0) */
frac_part = (mantissa & 0xFFFFFF) >> -(exp2 + 1);

p = outbuf;

if (x.L < 0)
*p++ = '-';

if (int_part == 0)
*p++ = '0';
else
{
ltoa(p, int_part, 10);
while (*p)
p++;
}
*p++ = '.';

if (frac_part == 0)
*p++ = '0';
else
{
char m, max;

max = sizeof (outbuf) - (p - outbuf) - 1;
if (max > 7)
max = 7;
/* print BCD */
for (m = 0; m < max; m++)
{
/* frac_part *= 10; */
frac_part = (frac_part << 3) + (frac_part << 1);

*p++ = (frac_part >> 24) + '0';
frac_part &= 0xFFFFFF;
}
/* delete ending zeroes */
for (--p; p[0] == '0' && p[-1] != '.'; --p)
;
++p;
}
*p = 0;

return outbuf;
}


ejoy
best regard cb30
 
ftoa()

Thanks CB30
Stark
 

ftoa implementation

cb30,

Just a friendly reminder, local variables exist on the stack, and "die" on exit of the routine. your routine would be a bit safer of you used a buffer passed in from the caller:

char *ftoa( float f, int *status, char *buffer )
{
...
return buffer;
}

Or you could use malloc() too.

regards,
Wenton
 

ftoa function in c

Just to clarify further, the code above uses 'static char outbuf[]' which doesn't die as it's not a local variable, it is statically allocated in memory. However, the next call to the function will overwrite the first call, so something like

printf("%s %s\n", ftoa(...), ftoa(...));

won't work.

It's always a better idea to pass a buffer in, but it's wrong to say that the buffer will 'die'.
 

ftoa function

Hi, I tried ftoa's code in C18 compiler for PIC. But it didnt run. Program return from "if (exp2 >= 31) *status = -1;//_FTOA_TOO_LARGE;"

C18 Compiler uses IEEE-754 floating-point standard. it' not support that standart.

How can I convert float(4 byte) to String in C18 compiler?
it's urgently,

best regards
 

ftoa

Thanks cb30 for the ftoa() implementation.

One bug was uncovered here->



exp2 = (0xFF & (x.L >> 23)) - 127; /* JEB fixed for 16-bit char F2xxx */

The cast to unsigned char on most processors would be an AND with 0xFF, but on the T.I. 16-bit DSP, a char is 16-bit and it became an AND with 0xFFFF. This caused errors when converting negative numbers.

Also, users who want to pass in a buffer to eliminate the static char msg[15] should be aware that ftoa() uses the sizeof( msg ) and if this doesn't match, errors will occur.
 

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