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Explain me the 4W on Lockup cells

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roger

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As title
4W on Lockup cells ?

What ? When ? How? Where?

TKS in advance
 

roger

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Re: 4W on Lockup cells ?

we probably need lock up cells when ATPG ? But I don't know the detail,
can anyone explain for me?
 

nittinsharma80

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Re: 4W on Lockup cells ?

Lockup latches are nothing more than transparent latches. You use them to connect two scan-storage elements in a scan chain in which excessive clock skew exists. Let a circuit contains two flip-flops. Flip-flop 1 represents the end of the scan chain that contains only elements that are in the clk1 clock domain. Flip-flop 2 represents the beginning of the scan chain that contains only elements that are in the clk2 clock domain. and these flip-flops have multiplexed inputs. The inputs of these flip-flops represent the scan inputs of the multiplexers. The latch has an active-high enable, which becomes transparent only when clk1 goes low and effectively adds a half clock of hold time to the output of flip-flop 1. In this figure, you assume that the system synchronously asserts clk1 and clk2, which would be the normal case during scan-mode operation. Although the clocks synchronously assert, some amount of clock skew between them still exists because they come from different clock trees.

lockup latches connect scan chains from different clock domains. However, you can just as easily use these latches to connect scan chains from various blocks within a chip that, although on the same scan chain, are physically remote from each other on the die. You want to make the latch transparent during the inactive part of the clock. For example, both flip-flops trigger on the rising edge of the clock. Therefore, you want to make the lockup latch transparent during the low period of the clock. If the flip-flops trigger on the falling edge of the clock, you want the latch to be transparent when the clock is high.

check out
https://www.edn.com/article/CA46603.html
 

    roger

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roger

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Re: 4W on Lockup cells ?

When we got 2 clk domain, chain1 belong to clk1 & chain2 belong to clk2
at scan-chain mode , shouldn't we make the clk2->clk1 or clk1->ck2 ?
or how can a shift-in/shift-out series be sucessively passed from clk1 to clk2 ?

If at scan-chain mode clk1=clk2, the reason we need lockup cell is because
the clk skew , right?
 

ken_ooi

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Re: 4W on Lockup cells ?

Yes, we usually insert lockup latch in scan chain, especially those chains with cross clock domain, to avoid hold time violation.
If the same scan chain clock by the same clock source, usually we will insert buffers/inverters to fix the hold time problem.
 

bendrift

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Re: 4W on Lockup cells ?

roger,this paper may be useful for u!
it's explain why and how to use lockup cell.
 
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