# Equivalent resistance calculation

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#### ark5230 There are eight resistances of same value R connected in Bridge like configuration. How to calculate equivalent resistance between points A and B. #### _Eduardo_

##### Full Member level 5 • Kripton2035 and ark5230

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### Kripton2035

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#### ark5230 #### betwixt

##### Super Moderator
Staff member Should be the same as long as all the values are equal. The calculation gets much more complicated if the values are different !

Brian.

• ark5230

### ark5230

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#### godfreyl Just out of curiosity, can it be modified as shown in attached figure ( the central node is open in different way).
View attachment 90762
No, that won't work. The current path from top to bottom through thr middle resistors has been broken.

• ark5230

### ark5230

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#### ark5230 Thanks a lot I will check this by physically arranging the resistors. Thanks a lot every bod who contributed.
Regards

#### zorro Hi,

As a rule, this kind of circuits can be methodically solved with the bisection theorem.

In this case it is like this:
Imagine a voltage V symmetrically applied between the terminals A and B, i.e. V/2 at A and -V/2 at B, and split the two vertical resistors as the series of two R/2.
Take the central horizontal line that is the symmetry axis of the circuit.
By symmetry, all the points cut by this line are at the same voltage (0) and they can be virtually short-circuited to ground. So, calling Req the total equivalent resistance, we have

Req/2 = (1 || 1/2) || (1 + (1 || 1/2)) * R

Of course, the result is the same as obtained with Eduardo's method.
Regards

Z

• ark5230

### ark5230

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#### Tunelabguy

##### Full Member level 5 While the symmetry afforded here does lead to a simple solution, the problem is also solvable even if all 8 resistors are different. Just imagine imposing 1 volt between A and B. If we could calculate the total current we would know the equivalent network resistance. So we can immediately factor out the left-most resistor because it is in parallel with all the rest and its current contribution is already known. Next define unknown v1, v2, and v3 for the voltages at the 3 remaining nodes of the circuit. In terms of these unknowns we can write expressions for all the currents though all the remaining 7 resistors. Now for each of the 3 nodes, write the equation that says the current into the node is equal to the current out of the node. You now have 3 linear equations in 3 unknowns. Solve for v1, v2, and v3. Use these values to calculate the needed currents, and therefore the equivalent network resistance.

• ark5230

### ark5230

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#### zorro Hi Tunelabguy,
It is obvious that general methods can be used in this case like in any other.
In practice, I prefer to use simple methods when possible, even in special cases.

• ark5230

### ark5230

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#### ark5230 Yes tru, zorro's method is simple and easy to work out and is based on reasoning. Tunelabyguy's method seems to by analytical and general applicable to cases where all R's are not same, but appears to be laborious when easier solutions are available. Of course, it is useful as a general tool working with all possible values of R's.
Thanks again for useful suggestions and help.
Regards

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