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Antenna impedance matching

huytergan

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Imagine a cavity backed crossed bow tie antenna. For RHCP, I feed each one with one coaxial probe from the bottom of the cavity. So, totally 4 ports I have, with 90 degree phase shift between each. Reference impedance and line impedance is same as 50 Ohms. Do I need a matching circuit for anything else? I already get a good return loss.

Do you think matching circuit I would need? (I read some says antenna impedance must be free space impedance(370 ohms) then a matching circuit must convert the antenna impedance to the line impedance(50 ohms).

I'm bit confused what to do

Thanks in advance

00012_PSISDG10624_1062416_page_3_2.jpg
 

Georgy.Moshkin

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You can "measure" impedance through simulation relative to coaxial probe on a Smith chart or using complex value of reflection coefficient. Be aware that good return loss also may occur with poor matching in very narrow band area, especially if your simulation is done only for one frequency point. You can check it by increasing feeding line lengths by quarter wavelength. In many papers I've seen matching between free-space and antenna is done using dielectric slabs or perforated substrate. It is not your case unless you are using some foams/superstrate/dielectric with gradually increased perforation. It is worth noting that even planar antennas may have input impedance below 50 Ohm.

In other words,
1) ensure that matching is good enough for your bandwidth, not single frequency point.
2) no, you do not need to match for 370 Ohms
 

huytergan

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You can "measure" impedance through simulation relative to coaxial probe on a Smith chart or using complex value of reflection coefficient. Be aware that good return loss also may occur with poor matching in very narrow band area, especially if your simulation is done only for one frequency point. You can check it by increasing feeding line lengths by quarter wavelength. In many papers I've seen matching between free-space and antenna is done using dielectric slabs or perforated substrate. It is not your case unless you are using some foams/superstrate/dielectric with gradually increased perforation. It is worth noting that even planar antennas may have input impedance below 50 Ohm.

In other words,
1) ensure that matching is good enough for your bandwidth, not single frequency point.
2) no, you do not need to match for 370 Ohms
How can I check the Z matrix if it matches or not?. Since I use 4 ports, z matrix doesnt come up in 1D results of CST
 

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