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  1. #21
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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Pretty immediate in this case. The output resistance with feedback removed is R1, the loop gain with port (terminals of RL) shorted is A and the loop gain with port open is 0. The result is R1*(1+A).


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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Quote Originally Posted by paulmdrdo View Post
    Good day everyone! I need your help on this one. I'd like to derive the equation for the closed-loop input impedance of the circuit attached. The final form of the equation is also shown below.

    Attachment 157314
    Attachment 157313

    Here's what I have tried
    Attachment 157316

    I was stuck. Can you tell what other route I can take to go about this derivation? Thanks!
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    Ratch
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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    With a current for its input then its input voltage barely changes. Then its input impedance at low frequencies is extremely low (a virtual ground).



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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Quote Originally Posted by Audioguru View Post
    With a current for its input then its input voltage barely changes. Then its input impedance at low frequencies is extremely low (a virtual ground).
    I don't understand your statement. Assuming an ideal op amp and no reactive components, the voltage is directly proportional to the input current according to my calculations above unless they are in error. The input impedance should be as given in my previous post unless I goofed in my calculation.

    Ratch
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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    The admittance matrix for the circuit can be written by inspection, then inverted. The (1,1) element of the inverse is Zin:
    Last edited by The Electrician; 16th January 2020 at 07:57.



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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Hi,

    I agree with audioguru.
    The voltage will be almost zero.

    But yes, even if small it will be proportional to input current.

    Klaus
    Please don´t contact me via PM, because there is no time to respond to them. No friend requests. Thank you.



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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Quote Originally Posted by KlausST View Post
    Hi,

    I agree with audioguru.
    The voltage will be almost zero.

    But yes, even if small it will be proportional to input current.

    Klaus
    Yes, the input voltage of the circuit will be small, if the amplification factor of the op amp is high, thereby causing the input impedance of the circuit to be low. This is shown by the formulas shown above.

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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Sorry, I don't understand these last posts. It has been already proven that Zin = R2/(1+A*B) that means Zin decreases as A increases.



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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Amplification does not increase. The opamp already has a gain of almost infinity for a modern opamp. But some old opamps do not have much gain. Aren't you talking about modern opamps?
    The input signal is a very high impedance current source and it is feeding the extremely low input impedance of the opamp inverting input. Then the input signal voltage is so low that we say it is zero.



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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Quote Originally Posted by albbg View Post
    Sorry, I don't understand these last posts. It has been already proven that Zin = R2/(1+A*B) that means Zin decreases as A increases.
    I don't know where the formula Zin = R2/(1+A*B) comes from, or what the definition of A and B are. However, both calculations of The Electrician and myself agree on what Zin is. Yes, Zin approaches zero as the op amp amplification approaches infinity. What don't you understand about my derivation of the nodal equations of the circuit?

    Ratch

    - - - Updated - - -

    Quote Originally Posted by Audioguru View Post
    Amplification does not increase. The opamp already has a gain of almost infinity for a modern opamp. But some old opamps do not have much gain. Aren't you talking about modern opamps?
    The input signal is a very high impedance current source and it is feeding the extremely low input impedance of the opamp inverting input. Then the input signal voltage is so low that we say it is zero.
    Amplification changes as op amps age or are replaced. High values of gain of several thousand or million are not near infinity. I am not focused on any particular op amp. Both the plus and minus terminals of an op amp are very high as is any voltage amplifier. The circuit under discussion has a very low input impedance, however.

    Ratch
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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Quote Originally Posted by Ratch View Post
    I don't know where the formula Zin = R2/(1+A*B) comes from, or what the definition of A and B are. However, both calculations of The Electrician and myself agree on what Zin is. Yes, Zin approaches zero as the op amp amplification approaches infinity. What don't you understand about my derivation of the nodal equations of the circuit?

    Ratch

    Ratch
    Please have a look to #9. The formula was derived there.
    You analysis is perfectly clear. Is just another approach to reach the solution.



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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Quote Originally Posted by albbg View Post
    Please have a look to #9. The formula was derived there.
    You analysis is perfectly clear. Is just another approach to reach the solution.
    I had a hard time following your calculations, but it looks like you came up with the same solution as The Electrician and I did. I think the superposition method is on solid theoretical ground, but it entails multiple times as much work because you have to do multiple calculations for each excitation source.

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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Looks to me the shortest solution was given in #5



  14. #34
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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Quote Originally Posted by sutapanaki View Post
    Looks to me the shortest solution was given in #5
    Except that the value of the solution does not agree with what 3 other members have come up with.

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  15. #35
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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Quote Originally Posted by Ratch View Post
    Except that the value of the solution does not agree with what 3 other members have come up with.

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    Ratch
    You've got a "+" where he's got a "*" sign (he actually used a raised dot):



  16. #36
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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Quote Originally Posted by Ratch View Post
    Except that the value of the solution does not agree with what 3 other members have come up with.

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    Ratch


    Well, it is very easy to verify. Just build a simulation schematic with ideal vcvs for the amplifier, put a large gain, look for the input impedance and check the expressions against simulation. Takes no more than 5 minutes.



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  17. #37
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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Quote Originally Posted by sutapanaki View Post
    Well, it is very easy to verify. Just build a simulation schematic with ideal vcvs for the amplifier, put a large gain, look for the input impedance and check the expressions against simulation. Takes no more than 5 minutes.
    Read post #35. Ratch made a silly mistake, probably because, like me, he has old eyes.



  18. #38
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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Yes, I read it. That's not a problem. I'm not saying other derivations are wrong, I said mine was correct and simple. Also, the result is arranged in a useful for design purposes way without need for algebraic manipulations.

    Don't we all want to have young eyes?
    Last edited by sutapanaki; 17th January 2020 at 21:08.



  19. #39
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    Re: Finding the input impedance of CCCS

    Yes, I did have trouble reading that light script and small scrawl. Sorry for the mistake.

    Ratch
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