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  1. #1
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    PCB design 450 MHz LVDS trace routing

    Hi,

    I am going to design with 8 layers having LVDS 450 MHz traces. I am just wondering about the Stack-up scheme. How about the following arrangement of layers.

    Layer 1 : Routing
    Layer 2 : Routing/Ground
    Layer 3 : Ground
    Layer 4 : Power
    Layer 5 : Power
    Layer 6 : Routing/Ground
    Layer 7: Ground
    Layer 8: Routing

    Is it necessary to have one ground plane between two power planes or not ? Any comments on the above layer arrangement ?

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    Re: PCB design 450 MHz LVDS trace routing

    Hi you can try this stack up you know LVDS traces must be 80 ohm

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Stackup.png 
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ID:	156319



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  3. #3
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    Re: PCB design 450 MHz LVDS trace routing

    Hi, Thanks for suggestion. Kindly send me in good quality. I am not able to read small numbers.



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    Re: PCB design 450 MHz LVDS trace routing

    Nominal LVDS differential impedance is actually 100 ohms, but compromises are possible.



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    Re: PCB design 450 MHz LVDS trace routing

    Agree, most are 90-100, PCIe goes down to 85, but cant find any at 80... so I would aim for a 100 or get the spec for the interface you are laying out and READ IT.



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    Re: PCB design 450 MHz LVDS trace routing

    100 ohms differential is the same as two 50-ohm-to-
    common-mode-point impedances, and no conductance
    to the ground plane (provided that balance is good and
    skew is nil). Maybe 50-ohm high frequency trace design
    is a "freebie" utility in the PCB tool that does well enough
    if you terminate it differentially (not to the plane)?



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    Re: PCB design 450 MHz LVDS trace routing

    LVDS standards are based on 100 ohms differential impedance and if LVDS receivers are equipped with internal termination (some FPGAs, receiver ICs), it can be expected to show 100 ohms.

    It can make nevertheless sense to use a lower differential impedance, e.g. if the pairs are routed on inner layers with low substrate height, termination resistors have to be adjusted respectively.



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    Re: PCB design 450 MHz LVDS trace routing

    Quote Originally Posted by dick_freebird View Post
    100 ohms differential is the same as two 50-ohm-to-
    common-mode-point impedances, and no conductance
    to the ground plane (provided that balance is good and
    skew is nil). Maybe 50-ohm high frequency trace design
    is a "freebie" utility in the PCB tool that does well enough
    if you terminate it differentially (not to the plane)?
    100r diff is not alway equal to two 50r SE lines, depends on PCB geometry. Skew is the most important factor according to Howard Johnson and a couple of others.



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  9. #9
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    Re: PCB design 450 MHz LVDS trace routing

    100r diff is not alway equal to two 50r SE lines, depends on PCB geometry.
    50r SE means zero coupling (infinite separation) of differential lines, that's rather impractical. A typical common mode impedance of the differential pair is in the 30 to 40 r range, respectively 60 to 80 r SE impedance. Low separation and high SE impedance means smallest room requirement.



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