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    Series rlc and parallel rlc circuits

    How can the voltage across a capacitor or inductor in a series RLC circuit be greater than the applied AC source voltage? Also for Parallel RLC, how can the current of anyone branch can be larger than the AC source current?

    Please explain to me the mechanism as to how these phenomenon are possible. THANK YOU!

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    Re: Series rlc and parallel rlc circuits

    The electrons move back and forth between the capacitor and the inductor.
    Compare this movement with a mechanical pendulum. It can move much more than the movement you used to push it.
    It is the same with the electrons.



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    Re: Series rlc and parallel rlc circuits

    Taking the RLC series circuit as an example, all elements carry the same current, but voltages have different, even opposite phase according to the reactive nature of C and L. The behavior can be best visualized with phasor diagrams. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phasor

    If you reduce R in the linked diagram and make XR and XC more equal, you'll see that the internal voltage can be a large multiple of the external voltage.

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	rlc.png 
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    Re: Series rlc and parallel rlc circuits

    Quote Originally Posted by FvM View Post
    Taking the RLC series circuit as an example, all elements carry the same current, but voltages have different, even opposite phase according to the reactive nature of C and L. The behavior can be best visualized with phasor diagrams. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phasor

    If you reduce R in the linked diagram and make XR and XC more equal, you'll see that the internal voltage can be a large multiple of the external voltage.

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	rlc.png 
Views:	0 
Size:	24.6 KB 
ID:	153785
    How about in parallel RCL? How can a current in any one branch be greater than the source current?



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    Re: Series rlc and parallel rlc circuits

    How about in parallel RCL? How can a current in any one branch be greater than the source current?
    Sure, basically a similar phasor diagram as for series RLC, just flip voltage and current.



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