Unitary property of scattering matrix

1. Unitary property of scattering matrix

From s-parameter lossless network definition , The sum of the incident powers at all ports is equal to the sum of the reflected powers at all ports. But how do we derive the above unitary property expression involving S22 and S21 ?  Reply With Quote

2. Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix Originally Posted by promach But how do we derive the above unitary property expression involving S22 and S21 ?
From S parameter’s definition.  Reply With Quote

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3. Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

Hi promach,

Mathematically speaking, a unitary matrix is one which satisfies the property [S]^* = [S]^{-1}. Re-arranging, we see that [S]^* [S] = [I], where [I] is the identity matrix.

Inserting the [S] matrix into this equation, we can then see that any column dotted with itself is equal to unity. Conversely, if any column is dotted with any other column, the product is equal to 0.

So if we take your 2x2 scattering matrix and look at some examples, we would find that |S12|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1. If the network is reciprocal, then S12 = S21. We would also have that |S11|^2 + |S21|^2 = 1 and (S11*)(S12) + (S21*)(S22) = 0.  Reply With Quote

4. Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix Originally Posted by PlanarMetamaterials So if we take your 2x2 scattering matrix
and look at some examples,
we would find that |S12|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1.
If the network is reciprocal, then S12 = S21.
Reciprocity is not required.

From nature of Unitary Matrix, [S]^* [S] = [S] [S]^* = [I]
So |S21|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1 is satisfied without reciprocity.  Reply With Quote

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5. Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

This could be explained by law of conservation of energy. The injected power must be equal to the reflected power + the transmitted power for a lossless network.  Reply With Quote

6. Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix Originally Posted by pancho_hideboo From nature of Unitary Matrix, [S]^* [S] = [S] [S]^* = [I]
So |S21|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1 is satisfied without reciprocity.
Wait, I do not understand why [S]^* [S] = [S] [S]^* = [I]  Reply With Quote

7. Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix Originally Posted by promach Wait, I do not understand why [S]^* [S] = [S] [S]^* = [I]
It is matrix nature of kindergarten level.

For [B][A]=[I], [B] has to be [A]^{-1}.
So [A][B]=[I] is satisfied.
This has no relation to S-parameter at all.
Thats all.  Reply With Quote

8. Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

@pancho_hideboo

For ideal lossless case:

transmitted power + reflected power = source power

So, divide the whole expression just above by source power, we have the following:

|S21|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1  Reply With Quote

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9. Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

You can not understand things correctly. Originally Posted by promach For ideal lossless case:
transmitted power + reflected power = source power
So, divide the whole expression just above by source power, we have the following:
|S21|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1
Wrong.
We can not get this directly from "transmitted power + reflected power = source power".
We have followings from "transmitted power + reflected power = source power".
|S11|^2 + |S21|^2 = 1
|S12|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1

However from matrix nature of kindergarten level, |S21|=|S12| is satisfied.
So |S21|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1 is satisfied.
This does not require reciprocity at all.

Learn basic things surely.

Attached is an excerption from kindergarten level book.
Here "~" means conjugate complex and transpose.  Reply With Quote

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