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    Unitary property of scattering matrix

    From s-parameter lossless network definition , The sum of the incident powers at all ports is equal to the sum of the reflected powers at all ports.



    But how do we derive the above unitary property expression involving S22 and S21 ?

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    Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

    Quote Originally Posted by promach View Post
    But how do we derive the above unitary property expression involving S22 and S21 ?
    From S parameter’s definition.



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    Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

    Hi promach,

    Mathematically speaking, a unitary matrix is one which satisfies the property [S]^* = [S]^{-1}. Re-arranging, we see that [S]^* [S] = [I], where [I] is the identity matrix.

    Inserting the [S] matrix into this equation, we can then see that any column dotted with itself is equal to unity. Conversely, if any column is dotted with any other column, the product is equal to 0.

    So if we take your 2x2 scattering matrix and look at some examples, we would find that |S12|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1. If the network is reciprocal, then S12 = S21. We would also have that |S11|^2 + |S21|^2 = 1 and (S11*)(S12) + (S21*)(S22) = 0.
    Last edited by PlanarMetamaterials; 22nd May 2019 at 15:28.



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    Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

    Quote Originally Posted by PlanarMetamaterials View Post
    So if we take your 2x2 scattering matrix
    and look at some examples,
    we would find that |S12|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1.
    If the network is reciprocal, then S12 = S21.
    Reciprocity is not required.

    From nature of Unitary Matrix, [S]^* [S] = [S] [S]^* = [I]
    So |S21|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1 is satisfied without reciprocity.



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    Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

    This could be explained by law of conservation of energy. The injected power must be equal to the reflected power + the transmitted power for a lossless network.



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    Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

    Quote Originally Posted by pancho_hideboo View Post
    From nature of Unitary Matrix, [S]^* [S] = [S] [S]^* = [I]
    So |S21|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1 is satisfied without reciprocity.
    Wait, I do not understand why [S]^* [S] = [S] [S]^* = [I]



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    Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

    Quote Originally Posted by promach View Post
    Wait, I do not understand why [S]^* [S] = [S] [S]^* = [I]
    It is matrix nature of kindergarten level.

    For [B][A]=[I], [B] has to be [A]^{-1}.
    So [A][B]=[I] is satisfied.
    This has no relation to S-parameter at all.
    That’s all.



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    Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

    @pancho_hideboo

    For ideal lossless case:

    transmitted power + reflected power = source power

    So, divide the whole expression just above by source power, we have the following:

    |S21|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1



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    Re: Unitary property of scattering matrix

    You can not understand things correctly.

    Quote Originally Posted by promach View Post
    For ideal lossless case:
    transmitted power + reflected power = source power
    So, divide the whole expression just above by source power, we have the following:
    |S21|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1
    Wrong.
    We can not get this directly from "transmitted power + reflected power = source power".
    We have followings from "transmitted power + reflected power = source power".
    |S11|^2 + |S21|^2 = 1
    |S12|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1

    However from matrix nature of kindergarten level, |S21|=|S12| is satisfied.
    So |S21|^2 + |S22|^2 = 1 is satisfied.
    This does not require reciprocity at all.

    Learn basic things surely.

    Attached is an excerption from kindergarten level book.
    Here "~" means conjugate complex and transpose.
    Last edited by pancho_hideboo; 5th June 2019 at 13:35.



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