current excitation for sensor

1. Re: current excitation for sensor

Accuracy: designing for accuracy better than 0.025%, I don't mind about the linearity now because that can be solved using interpolation.

concentrating on the stability of the circuit. That's why posted the sensor excitation circuit and ADC reference circuit,

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2. Re: current excitation for sensor

Hi,

Maybe you mix accuracy with precision?

You can't get 0.025% accuracy with all what you wrote before.
Even 0.025% precision is hardly possible.

And can you please explain how you want to improve linearity with interpolation.

Klaus

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3. Re: current excitation for sensor

Can we use a single voltage reference for both current excitation and reference voltage for adc as shown in the fig below.

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4. Re: current excitation for sensor

Hi,

I don't know what you want to achieve with your circuit.

My view:
You overcomplicate things ... and sadly this way you reduce performance.
* Using the same reference for both sensor and ADC has some benefits:
- initial accuracy as well as drifts of the reference is cancelled out, thus you may use a really cheap reference.
- you just have to focus not to introduce much noise and that both sensor and ADC really see the same signal.

Thus the use of "U\$A" does nothing but introduce errors. It's offset drift and noise is sent to the ADC only and thus can't be cancelled out in ratiometric style.
The same applies to "U\$B"(because it's errors ar only sent to the sensor).
The use of R2, R3, R4 do nothing useful but introducing initial errors, drift and noise to the ADC only and thus can't be cancelled out.
And it makes the signal high impedance = weak ... and thus prone for external influence
It reduces VRef to the ADC, which makes no sense, since the noise of the ADC is higher than it's resolution.

U\$B makes the sensor to be supplied with "constant current" (and not constant voltage).
Is this really a benefit?
Here you need to consult the datasheet if there is some benefit ... and whether this benefit is not cancelled out by the additional errors like noise and drift which is introduced by the circuit.

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My recommendation: keep it simple and use the benefit of a ratiometric system:
The simplest way with very good performance is to use a well low pass filtered signal derived from VCC
A simple zener could give additional benefit to decouple from VCC
--> R, zener, C
Use the capacitor voltage as sensor supply.
The use 4 identical R C low pass filters to feed the signals to the ADC.
--> 4 x R, 4 x C
(If the wiring to the sensor is lengthy, then consider to use kelvin wiring: feed back the sensor supply to the ADC with extra wires. No additional electronic components needed.)

That's all. And I'm sure it gives more accurate and more precise ADC results than your expensive and complicated circuit.

Klaus

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5. Re: current excitation for sensor

I have drawn some configuration. If this is also wrong, can you hand sketch and show me.

Where can i connect REF+ and REF-?

Sorry for it.

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6. Re: current excitation for sensor

Hi,

First you should clarify if the sensor needs constant current excitation.

If constant voltage excitation is OK, then try Fig1.

I generally use appropriate filters with analog signals. Especially with ADCs, because if there are alias frequencies you can't safely filter them out on digital (software) side.

Cost and effort is low .... and they introduce about no error.

Klaus

7. Re: current excitation for sensor

sensor which I have is constant current excitation type.

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