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29th March 2019, 13:35 #1
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BGT24ltr11 compensation structure is matching at 100 ohm and not 50 ohm?
According to this documents
https://www.infineon.com/dgdl/Infine...57d231ba29723d
https://www.infineon.com/dgdl/Infine...569d2ae3a9158a
bgt24ltr's TX load impedance and RX input impedance is 50 ohm (Including RX port matching structure according to AN472)
When I am using FDTD simulation of microstrip structure perfect matching only occurs if mmic ports are set to 100 Ohm (tapered part "5").
Is it correct to assume that pin impedance is 100 Ohm and purely real if i want to design other matching structure, or directly use 100 ohm microstrip line?

2nd April 2019, 05:10 #2
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Re: BGT24ltr11 compensation structure is matching at 100 ohm and not 50 ohm?
[IMG]http://www.elektroda.pl/cgibin/mimetex/mimetex.cgi?3$%5Cnabla[/IMG]
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2nd April 2019, 18:09 #3
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3rd April 2019, 03:39 #4
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Re: BGT24ltr11 compensation structure is matching at 100 ohm and not 50 ohm?
Originally Posted by usx
If we go from 50 ohm line W50 through line (2) > (1) > (5), after linear taper around 100 Ohm with small complex part. Linear tapper approximated by ten 0.1mm lines MS2MS11:
If pin impedance is set to 100 Ohm, then FDTD analysis of linear taper (5) alone results in complex impedance, which almost perfectly transforms to 50 ohm using lines (1) and (2):
Note: "point after linear taper" is point between (1) and (5), not MMIC pin. This point impedance is entered manually based on impedance from FDTD simulator.
So it seems that MMIC pin impedance almost purely real 100 ohm. Performing same matching with quarterwave transformer will require single 0.27mm x 1.89mm line, Maybe recommended matching somehow minimizes transition effect near IC to get better matching. I will post additional information after testing prototype with other matching configuration assuming 100 ohm pin impedance.

3rd April 2019, 15:42 #5
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Re: BGT24ltr11 compensation structure is matching at 100 ohm and not 50 ohm?
I've used MOM simulator to analyze this matching structure and it showed a reactive component in addition to real 110Ω impedance. I'll look through my files and attach a setup here later today.
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22nd April 2019, 17:35 #6
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Re: BGT24ltr11 compensation structure is matching at 100 ohm and not 50 ohm?
According to my simulation using ADS Momentum, output impedance was 10034j Ω. I made assumption that it will not change if I change dielectric thickness, and I scaled their matching structure to match 10034j at different thickness (we use 20 mil instead of 10 mil). We got the boards today and I measure TX power at 2 dBm instead of +6 dBm. Can impedance of IC change with dielectric thickness?
This thread is for reference:
https://www.infineonforums.com/threa...BGT24LTR11N16Last edited by usx; 22nd April 2019 at 17:51.
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23rd April 2019, 04:33 #7
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Re: BGT24ltr11 compensation structure is matching at 100 ohm and not 50 ohm?
usx, what was your model, what Er value did you used in ADS? Only sections (2)(1)(5)?
Here is my recent result from finite element code run with pretty dense grid
parameters: er=3.66 , h=0.25 mm (ideal substrate, PEC + PML)
frequency = 24.000 GHz
Z0=50;
S11=0.3060.065*i;
Z11=Z0*(1+S11)/(1S11)
Z11 = 92.8 13.4*i
port 1 (before taper) is set to 50 ohms, and it sees 92.8 Ohm. not sure if it is correct. At least this code gives good values for single patch. But metal layer i use is very thick.
I think fastest solution is to make prototype board with stepped sizes (5 steps).
Or use other matching structure, for example openended stub, which could be tuned by cutting. And after good result is obtained redo the simulation.
From simulation i have noticed that tapered part (5) is kind of sensitive to ground metal near ic, and maybe answer is that it more like a grounded coplanar waveguide at ic end.

24th April 2019, 15:53 #8
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Re: BGT24ltr11 compensation structure is matching at 100 ohm and not 50 ohm?
Port 2 is known to be 50 Ohm, port 1 is unknown it is not "set to 50 ohms"; it can be set to 100 ohm or 200 ohm. If port 1 is before taper (connected to MS2 on your setup), then it sees 9313j looking towards antenna. If you change your port 1 impedance to 9313j, your circuit will be matched. If you set impedance of port 1 to 200 ohm, you'll see Z0*(0.465+j*0.067) = 93j*13.
I got my numbers in the ballpark and circuit board we got back is missing 68 dBm of power. I can't figure where it went.

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25th April 2019, 03:12 #9
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Re: BGT24ltr11 compensation structure is matching at 100 ohm and not 50 ohm?
at what frequency (v_tune)? Did you try to measure at different frequencies?
Did you solved problem from this topic? https://www.edaboard.com/showthread....tup)&p=1639727

25th April 2019, 16:20 #10
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26th April 2019, 03:11 #11
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Re: BGT24ltr11 compensation structure is matching at 100 ohm and not 50 ohm?
Do you measure frequency of operation? for example using spectrum analyzer or prescaler output pin.

26th April 2019, 16:03 #12
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