Full bridge converter, how to improve crest factor.

1. Full bridge converter, how to improve crest factor.

I constructed the following phase shift full bridge converter. Tried various passive filter combinations before and after the rectifier bridge. But the crest factor is really bad. Attached are the simulation results of phase voltage vs. current.

Any ideas how to improve the crest factor especially with passives filters?.

Should I use active power factor correction to get an improvement for the crest factor.

Will active power factor correction solve this problem (crest factor) completely?.

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2. Re: Full bridge converter, how to improve crest factor.

Your schematic appears to apply a modified sine wave to a series LC. I've played with similar simulations in a hope to find an easy way to regulate voltage. I found a problem because the LC tries to continue resonating as current is abruptly shut off. Even when it's only an inductor, it wants to continue pulling current at shut-off through all neighboring components. If no freewheeling diode (mosfet, snubber network, etc.) is installed then the inductor generates unwanted high voltage spikes.

It may be more effective if you gate the H-bridge so that it applies plain AC square waves. Do you want to sense the resonant frequency of your LC combo? Then install a low-ohm resistor in series. This allows you to sense each zero crossing of current at the exact time when current falls to zero. That is the cue to change the state of your H-bridge.

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3. Re: Full bridge converter, how to improve crest factor.

Your schematic appears to apply a modified sine wave to a series LC. I've played with similar simulations in a hope to find an easy way to regulate voltage. I found a problem because the LC tries to continue resonating as current is abruptly shut off. Even when it's only an inductor, it wants to continue pulling current at shut-off through all neighboring components. If no freewheeling diode (mosfet, snubber network, etc.) is installed then the inductor generates unwanted high voltage spikes.

It may be more effective if you gate the H-bridge so that it applies plain AC square waves. Do you want to sense the resonant frequency of your LC combo? Then install a low-ohm resistor in series. This allows you to sense each zero crossing of current at the exact time when current falls to zero. That is the cue to change the state of your H-bridge.
Sorry I forgot to add the freewheeling diodes. They are actually there. I send the whole schematic.

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I also send the bridge Voltage and current in the following graph (Readings of the ossiloscope XC3)

This is a phase shift converter. Each leg has a fixed duty cycle. The power flow is determined by the phase angle between each leg. In this particular case it is in the middle (the phases are 45 degree apart). This means %50 of maximum power flow is flowing through the bridge.

General waveforms of a phase shift converter. (in literature)

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4. Re: Full bridge converter, how to improve crest factor.

The power factor can be partly improved by using a larger filter inductor. But you get at best rectangular current waveforms with 120° current flow. The best solution is a PFC rectifier respectively active front end. Some topologies have been discussed in this recent thread https://www.edaboard.com/showthread....-or-Boost-type

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5. Re: Full bridge converter, how to improve crest factor.

here is a kind of passive correction circuit https://www.researchgate.net/publica...Rectifier_Load

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6. Re: Full bridge converter, how to improve crest factor.

Originally Posted by FvM
The power factor can be partly improved by using a larger filter inductor. But you get at best rectangular current waveforms with 120° current flow. The best solution is a PFC rectifier respectively active front end. Some topologies have been discussed in this recent thread https://www.edaboard.com/showthread....-or-Boost-type
Thank you for your input. I added a big inductor 50mH@10A and 100mH @10A and the result is just as you told.

The cost of 50mH@10A is slightly lower than the active PFC. But as you said the PFC should be much better.

But the passive inductor has also a big advantage. It is robust.

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Originally Posted by Velkarn
here is a kind of passive correction circuit https://www.researchgate.net/publica...Rectifier_Load
I come to a conclusion that this kind of passive filter is good up to 500W. But for 5000W it may be ineffective.