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  1. #1
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    transform simple low voltage OTL tube amp into lower impedance by paralleling tubes

    Hi, in this page http://blog.andijahja.com/2012/05/va...oltages-2.html the PL504 headphone amplifier is presented that uses a pl504 and no output transformer.
    Can I somehow parallel more than one PL504 to reduce the output impedance so as to be closer to 8 ohms? For example if I parallel two tubes will it be 300R?
    How shall I parallel the tube, does each tube need to have it's own resistors or just parallel them pin by pin?
    Is the output power doubled by paralleling tubes?
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    Re: transform simple low voltage OTL tube amp into lower impedance by paralleling tub

    Individual cathode resistors, anode resistor should be scaled down according to # of tubes.

    In the Rout >> RL range, output voltage is roughly doubled with two tubes, fourfold output power.


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    Re: transform simple low voltage OTL tube amp into lower impedance by paralleling tub

    Somehow, having had great experience of using PL504s in TV applications, using such a huge component to drive a 600R headphone seems like massive overkill. The tube heater alone consumes 10W of power and lets say another 1W of anode power and all it does is provide about as much audio as a 741 op-amp! Paralleling them will indeed drop the impedance but even with FvM's quoted fourfold power increase, it will be extremely inefficient. Each PL504 will add about 11W to the PSU load but only a few tens of mW of output power.

    To reach 8 Ohms impedance in that schematic you need to parallel 75 tubes so you would be looking at some serious forced air cooling to get any appreciable sound from a speaker.

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