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    Radio frequency below ground?

    Hi,

    I'm about to design a tracking device to be used by equipment located below ground. There will be a transmitter below ground and a handheld receiver. Where to find information about radio frequency attenuation in different media? Can I use 868Mhz or will more LF like 32768Hz work better?

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    Re: Radio frequency below ground?

    868 mhz may penetrate a few feet into dry earth, much less in wet earth. LF will go much deeper--the trick is to make the antenna small enough to fit but still have some efficiency. Data communications typically need a lot of coding gain to get through.


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    Re: Radio frequency below ground?

    Ok, maybe I don't need to investigate 868MHz more deeply. If 32768Hz, what is the most efficient antenna principal to use. Antenna needs to fit within 6mm diameter and maximum 60mm long ?



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    Re: Radio frequency below ground?

    You find articles in google, try..........

    rf geotomography
    Radio frequency underground tomography
    radar underground tomography
    Ground Penetrating Radar
    georadar

    Ground-penetrating radar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    ‪Georadar - Ground Penetrating Radar‬‏ - YouTube

    GPR - project [Archive] - Geotech Forums

    GPR Background
    Last edited by kak111; 19th July 2011 at 10:51.
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    Re: Radio frequency below ground?

    Definitely 32kHz will be better than 868MHz. For a similar application I know somebody that is using successfully a DCF77 receiver modified to work on 32kHz, and for TX a modified replica of a DCF77 transmitter. The antenna could be a challenge, but any long wire could be the starting point.



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  6. #6
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    Re: Radio frequency below ground?

    At 32 KHz, you would want an inductive coil, not a monopole. You can either resonate it with a capacitor, or drivie it unresonated with a current source.



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