Newbie level 3
how to identify transistor terminals
How to identify the terminals of a BJT or FET transistor without a datasheet. Is using a voltmeter or oscilloscope possible
Full Member level 4
how to identify terminals of transistor
In general, you can make a test jig with several types of sockets so as to allow the package types and pin configuations. One circuit will be required to measure beta for both BJT and FET. The pin configuration producing the largest beta will give you the pin definition. But, these days, some small portable testers have some schemes to measure the beta directly. As you know, most of the transistor manufacturers provide tha datasheet for their products on the internet.
Full Member level 5
identify transistor terminals
By using the positive probe of the diode test on a digital multimeter it is possible to find the base. This will tell you if it is npn or pnp. You can pin it on a breadboard with collector (10k) and base bias resistor (1m) and 2 chances one pin is the collector or the other pin is the collector as it will only conduct one way.
Full Member level 1
how to identify the base of transistor
You can make this: You take a multimeter, and tested in pairs of pins, next you look which this pairs have less impedance, then where your probe point is positive is the base and where is negative is emisor.
how to identify terminals of a transistor
If you have a power supply, use a limiting resistor in series with the supply to limit the current to 100 uA. Then connect it to all pins in pairs in both combinations of polarity. The base-emitter will be the pair that has 0.6 V when forward biased and about 5-7 V when reverse biased. The collector-base pair will have 20-40 V breakdown when reverse biased. The polarity (npn or pnp) can also be deduced from these measurements.
One caveat is that once the BE junction has been broken down in the reverse direction, the noise of the transistor is increased.
Advanced Member level 4
how to identify terminals of bjt?
When testing a BJT with a DMM in diode mode (resistance) the junction that reads slightly lower when forward biased will be the b-c junction.