- 27th December 2007, 05:08 #1

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## beamwidth calculation

How to calculate the beamwidth (Horizontal and Vertical) of an Microstrip antenna theorytically from its physical dimension?

- 27th December 2007, 18:32 #2

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## beamwidth formula

You have to do an antenna pattern measurement in a Open Space site, or Anechoic Chamber.

Using a test antenna and a rotary table rotate in degrees steps your microstrip antenna and measure the gain for each step.

Usually beamwidth is defined for +/- 3dB from a specific direction.

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- 27th December 2007, 18:32

- 28th December 2007, 04:18 #3

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## 3db beamwidth formula

Hi Vfone,

Thanks for your reply.

I'm aware of these antenna measurements.

But my question was how to calculate beamwidth from patch dimension? Just like calculating gain from effective aperature area.

- 28th December 2007, 15:53 #4

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## how to calculate beamwidth

You cannot calculate with accuracy, only you can simulate using a 3D antenna simulator, as HFSS, CST, Zeland, etc.

- 28th December 2007, 17:33 #5

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## beam width formula

There is a common "rule" for 3 dB beamwidth. It starts breaking down for low gain antennas (6-8 dBi) so use it with caution.

BWdeg=65/(D/λ)

where D is the dimension in the plane where you are estimating beamwidth and λ is, of course, wavelength in the same units.

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- 28th December 2007, 17:33

- 28th December 2007, 23:01 #6

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## antenna beamwidth calculation

The empirical formula BeamWidth = 70λ/D, is valid for Parabolic Antennas and not for Microstrip Antennas, as the original post is asking.

- 28th December 2007, 23:01

- 31st December 2007, 04:11 #7

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## beam width calculation

Originally Posted by**Azulykit**

But in above mention formula Length is not mentioned.

- 31st December 2007, 05:24 #8

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## beamwidth

The rule cited is an approximation. That is the intent of my comment about using it cautiously for less directive antennas. It is a rule of thumb and should not be taken to be an exact prediction. Do we really need to debate the constant 65 vs 70?

The parameter, D is the antenna length. You can replace the D with L and not lose generality.

- 31st December 2007, 09:33 #9

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## calculate beam width

Effect of width of the antenna in Beamwidth?

- 31st December 2007, 17:04 #10

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## antenna beamwidth formula

In general, beamwidth decreases with increasing size and frequency. There are exceptions, but this is the general trend.

- 1st January 2008, 00:45 #11

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## parabolic antenna design emperical formulas

yea, like Azulykit said,

the beamwidth is proportional to the ratio lambda to dimension,

means: if lambda large (low freq.) beamwidth is broad (low gain)

if lambda small (high freq.) beamwidth is narrow (high gain)

and

if dimension small, beamwidth is broad (low gain)

if dimension large, beamwidth is narrow (high gain)

however, more important is the ratio. It means

if you use high frequency and very small antenna, there is no guarantee

that the beamwidth is narrow

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- 1st January 2008, 04:02 #12

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## calculate beamwidth

Thanks guys for your valuable information.

I read from one book

Horizontal Beamwidth = 115λ/L

Vertical Beamwidth=50λ/L

These are approximate formulas.

- 1st January 2008, 07:42 #13

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## how to calculate the beamwidth

I suggest you run down a copy of Silver's book on antennas. He discusses the effect on beamwidth from various apertures in detail. If you really want to go into it that would be a place to start.

The material here does not really give you a picture of the unspoken assumptions behind the various rules.

I now think I probably should not have raised the subject in the first place.

- 4th January 2010, 07:46 #14

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## Re: calculate beamwidth

Originally Posted by**johnson.mike**

Thanks

- 4th January 2010, 08:16 #15

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## Beam Width Calculation

yeah, quotation with reference is much convincible.

- 4th January 2010, 08:59 #16

- 16th January 2010, 15:16 #17

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## Re: Beam Width Calculation

Hi,

check also chapter 2 (Link analysis) of "Satellite Communications Link", maral Bousquet third edition.

You find easy formulas.

Pay attention also to the depointing error..

Hope it helps.

Regards,

Lupin

- 21st April 2011, 20:40 #18

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## Re: Beam Width Calculation

hye everyone.. i got 1 problem and its abit confuse about the antenna beamwidth and antenna beam solid angle..

so, for the question,

Find the beamwidth of an ideal antenna having gain of 35dB.

so from gain we can obtain beam solid angle which is Ωb. is this solid angle in steradian is equal to beamwidth? sory for that simple question.. can someone take me out from this confusion..